Vaccines for Dogs
Canine parvovirus ("parvo"): causes severe vomiting, diarrhea, fever and reduced resistance to infection. Rottweilers and Dobermans are particularly susceptible. The virus is very tough and lasts at least 6 months in the environment. Disinfection of soil is practically impossible. Disinfection inside structures requires thorough washing and rinsing followed by careful application of chlorine bleach solution (1 oz bleach in 1 qt water). Avoid skin & eye contact as well as breathing the vapors.
The infection of puppies may result from exposure to contaminated soil, feces or fur. Puppies that have not been vaccinated or dewormed properly or born of inadequately vaccinated bitches are very susceptible.
Treatment of severe parvovirus infection is often complicated and expensive and may involve fluid therapy, antibiotics, blood transfusions and careful isolation and disinfection techniques.
Prevention of parvovirus infection involves avoiding housing pups on premises that harbor previous parvovirus victims within 1 year, proper and early deworming of puppies (start at 2 weeks old) and the bitch (at partuition), and vaccination starting at 6-8 weeks of age.
Distemper, adenovirus (hepatitis), parainfluenza are typically combined with the parvovirus vaccine. Distemper and adenovirus are severe illnesses.
Leptospirosis is a disease spread in the urine of animals, especially rodents. It can cause liver and kidney failure in dogs. Vaccination is strongly recommended.